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4. Refugees from the Plains in Europe and China
6. Similarities Between Danish and Chinese Language

5. The Dwarfs were from China

When the Danes were living in their old home in Central Asia, the Middle Earth, they had contact with some of the many ancestors of the modern Chinese. They called them the dwarfs.

The ancient Scandinavian poem "The Voelve's prophecy" lists the names of the dwarfs:

A Russian dwarf The Dwarf Gimli
Left: A Russian dwarf.
Right: The Dwarf Gimli from the Lord of the Rings.

"Nyi and Nidi, Nordri and Sudri, Austr and Vestri, Alfiofr, Dvalin, Bivorr, Bavorr, Bomburr, Nori, An and Anarr, Ai, Miodvitnir" and so on, in total 63 names of individual persons, peoples, groups, we don't know.

The modern Chinese are undoubtedly descendants of some original Chinese, who lived around the Yellow River thousands of years ago.

Every year representatives for the Chinese race from all over the world meet at a monument in Shanxi to celebrate their common ancestor, "The Yellow Emperor", the presumed ancestor of all Chinese

Perhaps we should consider building a monument for the god, Odin, somewhere near the city of Odense, which bears his name. Then the global representatives for the white race also had a place to meet and honour our common ancestors.

But besides the Yellow Emperor, the modern Chinese are certainly also descendants of countless original ethnic peoples and tribes all over China. Some of these tribes were strong and powerful built, and some were more short of stature.

The god Odin with the spear Gungner- painting of Georg von Rosen 1886 Representatives from all over China, Taiwan and chinese societies and  Chinatowns from all over the World have met in Shaanxi to honour the ancestor of the Chinese race, The Yellow Emperor
Left: The god Odin with the spear Gungner- painting of Georg von Rosen 1886.
Right: Representatives from all over China, Taiwan and Chinese societies and Chinatowns from all over the World have met in Shaanxi to honour the ancestor of the Chinese race, The Yellow Emperor.

Numerous original peoples, Xianbei, Qiang and many others, which names by now are all forgotten, have abandoned their own language in favour of Chinese, in admiration of the emperor's glory and the Chinese culture. Modern Chinese are descendants after all these people, just in the same way as Europeans are descendants from countless original tribes.

For thousands of years, the Chinese called their Japanese neighbours for the dwarfs, because they were somewhat shorter in stature than themselves. This was just the way one expressed oneself in this part of the world.

When the Danes, also known as the Aseirs, lived in Central Asia; they lived nearby one of the many original Chinese people. Precisely in these regions, people were not very tall. They were the dwarves, who are mentioned in the Scandinavian sagas.

The dwarfs lived in the soil and in the rocks, as the old Scandinavian myths tell us.

It was also, what some of the ancient ancestors of the Chinese did. In the provinces of Gansu and Shaanxi, many people lived in rock caves far up in history. Poor people still live in caves, that is houses, where the inside parts have been cut into the cliff.

One of our Chinese friends comes from the province of Shaanxi. She told, that her grandmother lived in a house dug out down into in the ground. A ramp is leading down into a three to four meters deep hole, and then the rooms have been dug out horizontally.

Both types of accommodation are said to be very comfortable both winter and summer, they always keep a convenient temperature.

Thor's hammer - Mjolnir The Aesirs tie up the Fenris Wolf with the thin chain supplied by the dwarfs
Left: Thor's hammer - Mjolnir.
Right: The Aesirs tie up the Fenris Wolf with the thin chain supplied by the dwarfs.

During the history, the Chinese have been suppliers of art and crafts to their neighbours. It has always been one of the traditional roles of the Empire. So was also their relationship to the Aesirs. All the Aesir's valuable things were made by the dwarfs, Thor's hammer, "Mjolnir", the magic ring, "Draupner", Freja's necklace, " Bringisamen ", Frej's ship "Skidbladner", Odin's spear, "Gungner", Sif's golden hair, the chain, which tied up the Fenris Wolf, and other magical and unique things, which belonged to the Aesirs.

In general, the relation between the Aesirs and the Dwarfs seemed to have been fairly amicable. In the Scandinavian myths, Thor was often away from Asgaard to combat the Jotuns. We never hear about, that he had gone to fight dwarfs.

Once Thor had been away for years for war campaigns against the Jotuns, a marriage between the learned dwarf Alvis and Thor's daughter was agreed. However, he happened to come home in time to have it thwarted. About this is told in the poem, "Alvis-mal".

The Chinese call themselves their country for "Zhong Guo", written with the ping ying alphabet. It means the "Middle Area" or the "Middle Land".

In fact it means "Mid-gaard" (Middle Earth), which also was the name for the home of the humans in the Scandinavian mythology.

A Danish person would describe the sound "Zhong Guo", as something like "Djung Gjaard". The first part "Zhong" means "Middle" or "Center". The second part seems to be a common word for Scandinavian and Chinese meaning "area" or "-land". In Scandinavian languages, "gaard" means an area defined by some borders. A "gaard" can an area limited to all sides by walls or buildings, or it can mean the well-defined area, which belongs to a farmer. In the Scandinavian mythology it means "-land" or other well-defined geographic areas.

In modern Chinese, the term "Guo" is used as "-land", like in "De-Guo" and "Ying-Gou", which means Germany and "England".

Traditionally ethnic Chinese name themselves as "Hua Xia", it means the descendants of Hua, who was the ancient Yellow Emperor. Only during the late Qing Dynasty, it became more common to use the term "Zhong-Guo" as the name for the national identity.

The Aesir's myth about the creation of the world is very similar to the Chinese creation myth.

The Chinese original giant Pan Ku
The Chinese original giant Pan Ku.

The Chinese tell that in the beginning, everything was chaos. But when the two opposing forces, Ying and Yang, met each other, they created the original giant, Pan Ku.

With his own body, Pan Ku created the World. His head became a mountain, his breathing became the clouds and his voice became the thunder. His skin became the plains, his hair became the trees, his bones became the metals and his veins became the rivers. From the insects, which clambered on his body, men were created. (China, Japan and Korea History" page 22)

The Aesirs myth tells us, that in the beginning there was a huge nothing called, "Ginnunga-gap". But when the ice and the cold from the northern Niflheim met with their opponents, the heat and the fire from the southern Muspelheim, then dew was formed in the middle of Ginnungagap, and in this mild climate the original giant, Hrymer, was created.

The Aesirs, Odin, Vile and Ve, killed Hrymer and out of his body, they created the World.

Of the jotun-flesh of Hrymer Earth was created
and of wound and sweat the sea;
Mountains of the bones, bushes of the hair.
The sky of the skull (Edda)

His blood became the rivers and the sea, his meat became the land and his bones became the rocks and the mountains. From the maggots, which lived in his meat, the Dwarfs were created. It was obvious, because it was well known, that the Dwarfs lived in caves in the soil, which really was the meat of the giant. Furthermore, the Chinese themselves had told, that they were created from some creep, which clambered around on the original giant.

Thor is on fishing together with Udgaardsloke and he gets the Midgaard-worm on the hook Dragon from the Nine Dragon Wall in the Forbidden City
Left: Thor is on fishing together with Udgaardsloke and he gets the Midgaard-worm on the hook.
Right: Dragon from the Nine Dragon Wall in the Forbidden City

The Chinese dragons lived at the bottom of the lakes. The first and biggest dragon lived on the bottom of the great ocean.

The Midgaard-worm was the largest dragon in Scandinavian mythology. It lived also on the bottom of the sea. In Asgaard, the original home of the Aesirs, it must have lived in one of the big lakes of Central Asia. Later on, it moved with the Aesirs to the ocean.

The Chinese Emperor's name of honour was "The Great Dragon", or "The Great Worm". The Emperor's throne was the Dragon Throne. His subordinates, the Chinese, was the Great Worms children, it means that they obeyed the Great Dragon in the same way as children obey their father.

In the old days, the Chinese emperor was greeted with three times shouting: "Long live the emperor". Danes have the same habit when we celebrate somebody, but over time rationalized to: "Long live " and then 3 times "hurray".

In Zhaoqing in southern China, halfway between Guangzhou and the border with the neighbouring Guangxi province, is an exhibition park named "Seven Star Lake".

Chinese thunder god with a hammer with a short handle Thor - the Scandinavian thunder god with Mjolnir - a hammer with a short handle
Left: Chinese thunder god with a hammer with a short handle.
Right: Thor - the Scandinavian thunder god with Mjolnir - a hammer with a short handle.

Here is a cave with 108 mythological figures, small statues, from ancient China; all made by the locals for entertainment and education.

These figures include a thunder god, "Da Lai Gong Gong", which means "Grandpa Thunder". He is armed with a hammer with a short handle, with which he produces the thunder. We recognize him as the Scandinavian thunder god Thor, or at least one of his close colleagues.

Some of the ancient Chinese peoples must really have been quite small.

In the classic novel, "Three Kingdoms", one of the Shu king's advisors is described: "A man of majestic appearance, well over 6 spans high" ("Three Kingdoms" II page 1085).

A "span" (chi) is slightly less than 10 inches (am.) Six "chi" represents a "bu" and 300 bu is a "li", which is about one-third of a mile (am.) (from the notes to "The Three Kingdoms", page 545). Then, a "majestic man" was about 1.5 meters tall.

The modern province of Sichuan
The Chinese province of Sichuan.

The kingdom of "Shu" was located roughly in the modern province of Sichuan.

From Sichuan comes also the myth about the god "Erlang". The stories about Erlang have some themes in common with Beowulf's journey to Danish court and his killing of monster Grendel on the bottom of the lake, as well as with the fairytale about the Seven Dwarfs and the weapon of the Roman god Neptune.

The King of Qin appointed Li Bing governor of Sichuan. The new governor organized the construction of an extensive system of dams and canals in order to improve farming and prevent flooding.

His second son, "Erlang", helped him to build the advanced irrigation system, which today still exists.

However, by this time, before the system was built, the area was frequently hit by flooding.

Erlang was ordered to determine the cause of the disasters and prevent them. From spring to winter, he made a number of difficult travels, but he did not succeed in finding, what he sought. One day, when he was traveling deep in the mountains, he met a tiger. Erlang killed it immediately and cut off its head. In the same moment came seven hunters, who were amazed by the sight of Erlang's braveness. They knew about Erlangen difficult task, and therefore they asked him if they could become his followers. Erlang accepted their friendship.

Once Erlang and his seven friends and followers approached a straw-thatched hut by the riverside, they heard someone cry. It showed up to be an old woman, who wept because her youngest grandson had been taken away to be sacrificed to the river god, an evil dragon.

Erlang and his friends sneaked into the river god's temple and hid behind a statue. When the dragon arrived, they stormed forward with their weapons. The dragon turned around and jumped into the river. Erlang and his friends pursued it to the bottom of the river. There they caught the evil dragon and chained it to a rock. Then the floodings stopped.

Another story about Erlang tells, that a man named Zhao Yu of the emperor was given the task of fighting a vicious river dragon. With his double-edged sword in hand, he jumped into the river. There he killed the dragon. The river water turned red with its blood. When he emerged to the surface, he held his double-edged sword in his right hand and the chopped head of the dragon in his left. The whole people kneeled in reverence.

Carter and Deng Xiao Ping.
Carter and Deng Xiao Ping.

They raised a temple to his honour called "The god of Erlang of Guankou". When the rivers make flooding, the God can still be seen riding a white horse in the mist over the streaming water.

A third story of Erlang and his seven friends and followers says, that they were seven holy men from the coal mountain. Because they helped a tyrant with his evil deeds, they were all killed by Nezha and Yang Jian. According to "The Chronicle of Chengdu Prefecture" all the seven were hunters and friends of Erlang. It is also said, that they had a very distinctive appearance, and they also were called "The seven monsters." All these give some associations to the story about "Snow-white and the seven dwarfs".

People in Sichuan are not very tall of stature, especially they were not in the past. They are said to be not lazy and rather smart. Deng Xiao Ping was from Sichuan, and he was not very tall of stature.

The god Erlang The Erwang Temple in Guanxian in Sichuan
Left: The god Erlang.
Right: The Erwang Temple in Guanxian in Sichuan.

The name Erlang means: "second son". The God Erlang has an edged weapon which gives associations to the Roman god Neptun. He has a third eye on his forehead, which is an Indo-European feature.

In ancient times stood the statues of Erlang's seven friends and followers in the Er-wang Temple in Guanxian of Sichuan. This temple, however, has been destroyed and rebuilt many times during the history, and their statues may no longer exist. (All about Erlang from "The Origin of Chinese Deities" page 170-180)

Er-wang means "Two Kings". It's called such because both Erlang and his father over time got the status of kings. However, many call it the Temple of Erlang.

The older Edda can be found in danish with drawings of Lorenz Frøhlich: Den Ældre Eddas Gudesange - Google Books Archive.com The creation of the dwarfs starts on page 62.

The names of the dwarfs can also be found on: Den Nordiske Mytologi a-k Af Erik F. Rønnebech (danish)
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