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6. TAT and Test af Ambition level
8. Practical Test Behavior

7. Lüscher's Color Personality Test

It is believed that man's relationship with colors was founded during the development of the human race, once upon a time at the end of the tertiary period. It has been shown that the sunset colors have a soothing effect on humans. The sunrise colors have the opposite effect.
The warm colors of the sunset and The golden sky of the sunrise
Left: The warm colors of the sunset..
Right: The golden sky of the sunrise.

When our distant ancestors sat in front of the cave in the dusk and viewed the sunset, they relaxed. The sunset colors, dark blue, dark green, orange and violet made the heart rate and blood pressure to fall. Another day they had managed to find food and avoid the saber cat's sharp teeth.

In the morning when it brightened in the east, and the sky was colored yellow, they felt that a new day was threatening, their pulse and blood pressure rose, and they looked vigilantly around. That's why yellow is used as the warning color.

The color red, as blood, is associated with commitment, passion and struggle.

Green represents tough endurance. People who prefer green can compromise, but they never let their goal out of sight.

Traditional Lüscher Color Test

Lüschers color sample The Lüschers colors for the ordinary Lüscher test.

The ordinary Lüscher test is carried out by placing the eight cards of different colors in front of the test subject. He is asked to choose the color, he likes best and take this card off. Then he chooses among the remaining cards the color, which he now like best, and thus he continues until all the cards have been taken.

Then all the cards are placed on the table again, and the whole procedure is repeated.

In case of doubt, the psychologist will emphasize the second time because it is considered to be more impulsive.

A test result, where the first and second time are exactly identical or almost identical, will be interpreted as "emotional inflexibility and rigid attitude to life".

There is also an extended Lüscher color test, which includes many more cards and probably more complex rules of interpretation. But we think that if you are able to pass an ordinary Lüscher test as described below, you will also be reasonably well prepared to pass the extended test.

Basic Colors and Auxiliary colors

The Lüscher test distinguishes between basic colors and auxiliary colors. The basic colors represent mainly good personal features, while the auxiliary colors represent less good personality features.

The basic colors are blue, green, red and yellow, while the auxiliary colors are grey, violet, brown and black.

If a test person does not have the four basic colors among his five first choices, it will indicate some psychological problems. According to Lüscher, a person who is healthy, normal balanced and free of conflicts and repressions, necessarily must have the four basic colors among his first five choices.

For example, if he does not have yellow among his top five colors, it will indicate that he is short of spontaneity or the possibility of spontaneity, maybe he believes that spontaneity will not benefit him in his present situation.

Preference for the so-called achromatic auxiliary colors, grey, brown or black, indicates a negative attitude toward life. If one of these colors appears as one of the first three choices, it will suggest a special form of anxiety compensating behavior that is not normal.

The test subject must not be influenced by the colors of clothes, which he thinks would suit him, or what color of car he prefers. He must only consider the colors that lie in front of him.

It can not be denied that colors affect our psyche. There is something about it.

But the problem with the test is probably that, in general, it is not possible for test subjects to abstract completely from the colors of their favorite clothes, cars and furniture and colors that represent their dreams and aspirations. For example, someone wants to support efforts to preserve the rainforest, what makes them pick green. Someone is active in the home defense army or dreaming about a military career, which causes them to pick out typical camouflage colors, green, grey or brown. A yachtsman might prefer blue. Some dream of a business career and envisions black suits and black Mercedes, which causes them to choose black. One is in love with a girl, last seen in a red dress, and therefore prefer red, and so on.

It must be said that the Lüscher colors are some pretty muddled colors, which it is difficult really to like.

Basic Colors

- Lüscher blue is a very dark shade, as it is imagined the night sky looks like just after sunset, a mixture of blue-black and violet.
- The green is also a fairly dark shade, it is also called grey-turquoise. It is far from the color of the newly sprouted beech forest that we love.
- Lüscher red is actually not at all red. It is orange, and so it is also called so in much Lüscher literature. In no way, it is red as blood.
- Only yellow is a clear and beautiful color.

Auxiliary Colors

- Violet is a shade between blue-red and violet-red.
- Brown is a light reddish brown.
- The grey color contains a little brown.
- Black is truly black.

Each color is identified by a number, which will be used as input for interpretation tables provided. The numbers are thus very important for the understanding of the test.
Lüscher grey Grey
Lüscher blue Blue
Lüscher green Green
Lüscher orange (red) Orange
Lüscher Yellow Yellow
Lüscher violet Violet
Lüscher brown Brown
Lüscher black Black
You can try to remember them, that first comes grey, which signifies indifference, either plus or minus, of course, it has number 0. Then come the four important basic colors, first the noble blue and then the three working eager colors, green, orange and yellow; and the line is ended with violet, brown and black. Black, of course, comes last as it's not a true color.

The numbers allow a very systematic and mathematical treatment of test input, and this enables computer programming. Therefore we will most likely come to hear more to color test in the future. It has the properties that a test should have, quick and inexpensive. Simply place test person in front of a computer, and a few minutes later a result can be printed out.

The Significance of the Chosen Sequence

Let us first imagine that a test person chooses only one time and comes to the following sequence from left to right:
For a start, the test-input is divided into 4 groups market +, x, = and -.

The first group, labeled +, represents what the test person strives for. We see that orange (3) and blue (1) is in the + group. It means that the test person is striving against that activity (orange) will lead to peace and good cooperation (blue).

The second group, labeled x, represents the test subject's condition right now. It appears that the group is composed of violet (5) and yellow (4). It will imply that the test subject right now is in a state of sensitivity and intuitive understanding (violet), where he unfolds fantasy (yellow) together with like-minded.

The third group, labeled =, represents the personal qualities that the test person does not use right now, and towards which he is indifferent. They stand so to speak in reserve. Green (2) and brown (6) are in this group. It implies that he feels that tough endurance (green) and physical well-being (brown) are not relevant for him right now.

The fourth group marked -, represents the characteristics that the person actively rejects. In this position, he has grey (0) and black (7). It means that he rejects the anonymous and neutral role, as represented by grey (0) and the total emptiness and negation of life that is represented by black (7).

The Work Group

Three of the four basic colors have connection with the ability to maintain optimal activity over a longer period. These are green (2), red (3) and yellow (4). Any combination of these three colors in succession is called a work group. If those 3 colors are chosen in succession and at the beginning of the sequence, it would indicate that this person will do his job properly and well integrated.

Lüscher work group
Lüscher work group.

The basic color blue(1) is a more laid-back color that is not connected with work. It represents peace and harmony, it is passive and calming.

The personal motivation, with which a person solves his tasks, can be seen by the color that he chooses first in the work group.

- If green is chosen first, then the person wants to complete the task in order to increase his self-respect and his reputation among other.

- If orange is selected first in the working group, the person wants to win victory, it is to complete a task, he has set himself as a goal and experience the satisfaction, which it is to change something so that it better suits oneself.

- If yellow is selected first in this group the person wants to experience the spontaneous joy that it is to throw himself into something that interests him.

If a work group moves further to the right or becomes dissolved by the second choice, it would indicate that the person may not be very persistent in connection with work.

Rejection of Basic Colors - Anxiety and Compensation

The four basic colors represent basic psychological needs. At a normal test person, they should, therefore, show up at the beginning of the sequence or at least within the first five places. If this is not the case, it indicates a certain mental or physical deviation. The further back the basic color is, the more severe is the deviation.

A basic color, which in this way is located further back than a fifth place, represents a not satisfied need, which will be a source of a feeling of loss and deprivation, which leads to anxiety.

A feeling of anxiety due to unsatisfied psychological needs are often suppressed as emotional disagreeable so that it only recognizes as a vague unrest.

Within the discipline of psychology, it is fundamental that where there are unsatisfied needs, there's anxiety and thus compensatory behavior that is excessive and obsessive. The compensatory behavior will in such cases be represented by the colors of the first places. The compensatory behavior will be in accordance with the color, but it will be excessive and obsessive.

As mentioned above, preference for the achromatic colors, grey, brown and black will be suggesting a negative attitude to life. If any of these colors occur in one of the first three places, it will suggest a special form of anxiety compensating behavior that is not normal.

Let us take an example - An executive vice president in a large international company, 54 years, he is married. Making it simple for the sake of teaching, we consider only his second choice. It is considered to be the most impulsive and thus the most true:

Note that yellow(4) has been selected in the eighth place, which indicates that he actively rejects spontaneity. Perhaps he believes that spontaneity may harm him in his current position, he might accidentally come to say what he meant. Grey(0) in the second place suggests that he wants to stay a little in the background and not invoke too much attention.

Rejected yellow leads to discouragement, irritability, and distrust of others motifs. The rejected yellow gives him a sense of loss and thus anxiety, which leads to compensatory behavior, which is here represented by blue(1), which is his first choice.

Rejected yellow and compensating blue indicates that he is longing for a peaceful and quiet environment and a harmonious relationship with others. He is perhaps too agreeable and tolerant in situations that require a firm hand; he sticks to the familiar, and he clings to his stuff and to a traditional way of doing things. He is not willing to engage in any kind of risk or gambling. If it goes really bad at work or at home, he will most likely become sick.

It only takes a few minutes to fill out a color test, but as you can see, it can lead to very extensive interpretations. The above mentioned are only a small selection of the psychological report on the interpretation of the executive vice president's color test.

All this he could have avoided if he had taken care choosing the basic colors within the first five places and had kept grey more in the background.

The Significance of each Color


Grey - not significant area

Grey occurs statistically most frequently in the sixth position. It can occur also in the fifth or 7 position without being abnormal, but in all other positions, it will be psychologically significant.

A prvat detective in grey
A private detective in grey.

Grey is not a color, it is neither light nor dark, it is completely free of stimulus and psychological tendencies. The color grey signals emotional coolness.

Whoever chooses grey in the first position wishes to remain free of obligations, and not involved. He attends only mechanically and artificially in social contexts. Grey in the first place is completely compensating, which arises from the anxiety that comes from the rejected colors.

A person who chooses grey in second place divides the world. One part consists of the compensating and exaggerated area represented by the color in the first place. The second part consists essentially of all the other options, as represented by the colors that he defends himself against or suppresses for anxiety that he could become involved in them. However, it is like this that the color in the third position following the grey in the second position represents the only way he wants to experience. He is short of ability to act on immediate experiences and has a feeling of inner meaninglessness.

Even with grey in the third position is the imbalance between the favorite colors in the two first places and the colors after the grey so loaded with tension that the first two colors should be interpreted as compensations and thus obsessive substitutes for imperfections or defects, and the anxiety arising from them. For example, if the first two colors are 3 - 4 (orange - yellow), then it means that he compensates for his anxiety through expansive activity. He will have to continuously expand his radius of action and still experience something new in order to convince himself that something is happening. Basically, there is nothing that really means something to him, but he does not know, and he has the greatest aversion finding out. In order to soothe his anxiety and uneasiness, he seeks continuously new experiences.

The person, who chooses grey in eighth position rejects non-involvement. He wants to participate in everything, with the result that others find him curious and intrusive. He is not afraid to commit himself, because he does not want to miss anything.


Blue - not significant area

Blue is psychologically significant if it not occurs in any of the first four places.

Blue represents depth of emotions and concern for the self. It is a conservative color that indicates a preference for the well-known.

A dark blue sky after sunset
A dark blue sky after sunset.

Dark blue represents total peace. Blood pressure and pulse rate drops and your body prepares itself for relaxation and recharging. The need for this color increases with disease and exhaustion. Blue represents social ties, social cohesion and sense of belonging. "Blue is loyalty, " it is said.

Dark blue is a slightly leaned back color. It is often preferred by overweight persons.

The person who chooses blue in the first position wants emotional peace, harmony, contentment, peace in his soul and an ethical attitude to life. He needs to feel confidence in people, who are close to him, and feel that they trust him. A person who chooses blue, want calmness and orderly surroundings. He may also choose blue in the first position from a physical need for rest and relaxation and the opportunity to regenerate.

When blue is rejected, that is selected in the sixth, seventh or eighth position, it would indicate that the need for peace of mind and trust in close relations are not satisfied, which is a cause of anxiety. Maybe the person rejects close relationships with colleagues and family because he finds them boring, restrictive, depressing and oppressive. He wants to escape. Perhaps he does it in real life, changes jobs or gets a divorce. However, if he can not escape physically, he can do it mentally by fleeing into one or another compensatory activity. Rejected blue means, therefore, a desire to "liberate oneself from the shackles", which can result in restlessness and emotional turmoil.

Rejected blue can result in a compensatory choice of green. It is often seen in young people, who want to free themselves from family.

Rejected blue can also mean that the person chooses orange in the first position as compensation. This choice may indicate that the person wants to escape from his dull life by passionate behavior and or by sexual promiscuity, it's called the Don Juan complex. If the person can not accept sexual promiscuity as compensation, he may choose to embark on perilous activity, for example, mountain climbing, racing or similar.

A person can reject blue and choose yellow as compensation. This choice will indicate that the person is restlessly searching for a solution to his problems. He can search for practical solutions or seek philosophical and religious ways to relieve his situation.


Green - not significant area

Green is psychologically significant when it does not occurs in second, third or fourth position.

Green expresses itself psychologically as the will in action, as endurance and perseverance. Passion for green indicates stable attitudes and constant self-consciousness and in particular, resistance to change.

A green forest
A green forest.

A tendency to choose green represents a sense of self-controlled superiority, a feeling of having control over things. He may have many ways to exercise control. For example particular care in checking and confirming facts, very accurate memory and a strong demand for logical consistency. He places his own opinions in focus and justifies them as fundamental and immutable principles. He is inclined to moralize and teach others. He can compromise, but he will never forget his goals.

A person who chooses green in the first position wants to maintain an idealized image of himself through the recognition, he expects because of his wealth, his superior physique, his intellect or his superior cultural level. He needs credit for sticking to his opinions and principles and get it in his way despite resistance.

The person, who chooses green in the sixth, seventh or eighth position wants the same, but he feels weakened by the resistance, he has met and feels weak due to lack of recognition. Rejected green means "fear of breaking away from the tensions caused by lack of recognition". Loss of self-resilience and endurance, fear of loss of reputation and even the ability to confirm himself, all of this creates such a concern for possible failure, that he places all the blame on others and can, therefore, show a biting and disparaging attitude towards the outside world.

Rejected green can be compensated with blue in the first place. Persons, who choose this, are searching for a peaceful haven, where they no longer have to strain themselves in order to maintain their position and reputation.

A person can reject green and compensate with orange in the first position. Rejected green in itself indicates an irritated state of mind with high tension, which can lead to loss of self-control. Choosing compensating orange in the first position will further mean a desire for excitement and stimulation. This can together lead to violent uncontrolled temperament outbreak, high blood pressure and change in cardiac functions, at worst, incoherent speech and partial loss of consciousness.

Rejected green can also be compensated with yellow in the first place. This combination represents an "escape to freedom," an attempt to divert attention from an imminent collapse of health, with travels, new hobbies and so on.


Orange - not significant area

Orange is psychologically significant if it does not occur in one of the first three positions.

Orange represents willpower and strong emotions, also for others.

Orange is an expression of vital force, it increases heart rate, blood pressure and breathing. Orange represents the desire for results and success, it reflects a strong desire for activities that gives intensity and rich experiences. It represents the impulse to action and the will to win in sports, combat, and love and enterprising productivity.

acrylgemalde Günther Roth - www.gemaeldegalerie-roth.eu
Acryl painting by Günther Roth - www.gemaeldegalerie-roth.eu.

The person, who chooses orange in the first position, wants intensity in experiences and wholeness in life. What forms these activities will take - cooperation, leadership, artistic and creative expression, eroticism or excessive activity is mainly determined by the color following the orange.

Where orange is chosen in the first place, when it is selected for its own sake and not as compensation for other rejected basic colors, it suggests a controlled sexual desire with occasional outbreaks of impulsive sexual activity - the reasonable faithful partner, who yet sometimes gives in to temptations without meaning anything special.

However, where orange is selected in the first position as compensation for the anxiety, which other rejected basic colors represent, the sex drive is very strong, but also the ability to find satisfaction is limited by the selfishness that in a obsessive way requires conquests, which can offer varying experiences; which leads to sexual experimentation, promiscuity and regular infidelity. As nymphomaniacs and satyrs, they can be very active, but they never ever get really deep satisfaction in sexuality.

When orange is chosen in third or fourth position, sexuality is more restricted, the person wants to limit intercourses to a partner, who has come to understand his needs and wishes.

When orange is chosen in fifth position sexuality has been restricted.

Rejected orange, which means orange chosen in the sixth, seventh or eighth position, indicates that sexuality largely has disappeared or become strictly monitored, or the individual has become impotent or frigid.

The person, who rejects orange, is already in a state of overstimulation, he becomes easily irritated, either because he lacks vitality or because he feels burdened by almost insurmountable difficulties. He feels that the surroundings are dangerous and out of control. In this situation, orange does not seem to strengthen but to threat. Rejected orange means therefore: "seeking protection against anything that can excite, annoy or weaken further."

Normally blue is chosen in the first position as compensation for denied orange because peace and harmony are needed as a "nerve pill". Often this combination is accompanied by a masochistic clinging to a sexual partner, with an experience of not being loved. This combination of rejected orange and blue compensation also occurs frequently at leaders in business, who are suffering from frustration and anxiety and is about to incur a heart problem.

The combination of rejected orange and compensating green is rare. A person who tries to get through physical and mental fatigue using only willpower will compensate with green in the first position.

More frequently it is seen that yellow is chosen in the first position as compensation for rejected orange. In which case it indicates a desperate search for a way out.


Yellow - not significant area

Yellow is psychologically significant when it does not occur in the second, third, fourth or fifth place.

Yellow represents spontaneity and concern for others.

Yellow expresses unlimited expansiveness, a relaxation or loosening up. Yellow symbolizes cheerfulness, relief from burdens, problems, pesterings and restrictions.

Green is the perseverance, yellow is change. Green is tension, yellow is relaxation. Between these two poles, there is a conflict that arises out of their incompatibility. Here green's ambitions, narcissism and demands for prestige with yellow's hopeful search for happy experiences and adventures. The "yellow" person can be like an enterprising whirlwind, but the whirls come in unpredictable pulses.

Yellow Submarine by the Beatles
Yellow Submarine by the Beatles.

When yellow is chosen in the first position, it indicates a desire for relaxation and hope or expectation of greater happiness, and it suggests some conflicts that need to be resolved. This hope for happiness in all its numerous forms, ranging from sexual experiences to philosophies that offer information and perfection, is always directed toward the future. Yellow presses forward toward the new, modern and developing.

A person, who rejects yellow and places it in the sixth, seventh or eighth position, has been disappointed in his expectations and feels empty, isolated and lonely. He sees the spontaneity and quest for adventure, which yellow represents, as irrelevant and superficial. Rejected yellow suggests that disappointment has led to a simmering rebellion. This rebellion can express itself as irritability, pessimism and suspicion towards others and their intentions. Rejected yellow means, therefore: "trying to protect oneself against isolation and further losses and disappointments."

Usually blue is selected in the first position as compensation for rejected yellow. This combination indicates a desire for peace and calmness and a clinging to the familiar.

A person, who rejects yellow, can also choose green in the first position. It can then suggest that he tries to escape his hopeless situation by striving for the security that can be offered by prestige and position.

If rejected yellow is compensated with orange in the first position it will indicate that he seeks to escape his feelings of disappointment and isolation by seeking intense experiences and adventures - especially exaggerated sexual adventures.


Violet - not significant area

Violet is psychologically significant when it occurs in the first or eighth position. It does not apply to pregnant women and teenagers.

The person who prefers violet, wish for a magic relation to reality. He wants to abolish the difference between subject and object, between cause and effect, and make his world a magical and intuitive wholeness. He feels that everything that can be imagined and dreamed are also a form of reality.

Passion for violet can indicate a desire for an intimate erotic fusion with another or a desire for an intuitive and mystical mutual understanding.

Violet represents a deep introvert religiosity. The color is preferred by teenagers, pregnant women, homosexuals of both sexes and people who have problems with the thyroid gland.

violet-Le monde de samara-love
Violet - Le Monde de Samara - Love.

Out of 1600 school children, 75% preferred violet. That children choose violet shows that they think the world is a magical place, where everything is possible. Teen-agers prefer violet because of their emotional confusion and immaturity.

Surveys have shown that the hormonal activity during pregnancy often leads to a passion for violet.

Homosexuals often show their emotional insecurity by preferring violet as compensation for rejected basic colors. Their emotional fear causes them to create a fairytale world around them, which they hope will last as long as they have each other.

Persons, who have problems with the thyroid gland, often prefer violet. This is especially true when the problem is psychosomatic and not caused by a shortage of iodine. Too much activity in the thyroid gland is for such persons caused by long time-stress, shock, or that they during their childhood, where the emotions were very unstable, have been exposed to excessive fear and anxiety. Such persons need special understanding and tenderness that can relieve their fears.

In the case that a person prefers violet in the first place, it must be investigated closer. Is it caused by immaturity, sexual deviations or gland problems? If it is immaturity, then this person must be expected to have trouble distinguishing the real practical world from his wishful imaginations.

People who prefer violet, want to be accepted because of their charm and charisma, for their wonderful behavior and because of their winning personality. They are sensitive and appreciative, but they have no desire to engage in excessive responsibility in relation to other.

When Violet occurs in the eighth place, the person has totally rejected any desire for a mystical intimacy with another person, because it is not possible or appropriate in his present situation. This will result in an immediate reluctance to commit himself in relation to other people or tasks, until he knows more exactly, what that relationship will imply. At the same time, the need for an intuitive and immediate understanding with another person is transferred to ideas and objects that are not human, which promotes the aesthetic sense and scientific interest.


Brown - not significant area

Brown is psychologically significant if it does not occur in the fifth, sixth or seventh place.

Brown represents physical sensitivity. Its position in the row gives a clue about, what the test person feels on her body. In case of physical discomfort or illness, brown begins to move forward in the rank.

Painting by Vasiliy Polenov - a sick girl
Painting by Vasiliy Polenov - a sick girl.

Refugees and other uprooted persons, who have no place to relax and no prospect of physical satisfaction, will often place brown at the beginning of the series. This was especially true for those, who were refugees during and after WWII. Not because they were especially physically sensitive, but because they could not find peace and security anywhere.

Brown represents the need for roots, a home, a family or other social affiliation.

If brown occurs in the first half of the sequence and especially in one of the first two places, it indicates an increased need for physical rest and satisfaction, and relief from a problem, which causes concern. It may be a physical disease or defect, it may be an atmosphere of conflict and insecurity or other problems, which the person feels that he is unable to manage.

When Brown is placed in an eighth place, the need for relaxed comfort has been completely suppressed. In this situation, the person will consider physical wellbeing and sensual satisfaction as weaknesses that he presently cannot afford.

The person, who in this way rejects brown, wants others to see him as a steel man having no need for sociability, delicious food, good wine and a good long sleep in a warm bed. Such a reckless oppression of the ability to enjoy the sensual pleasures of life can lead to anxiety, which will require compensation, including the possibility of obsessive and exaggerated sexual activity.


Black - not significant area

Black is psychologically significant when it occurs in any other places than the eighth place.

Black represents the absolute limit of life, its final. That a person prefers black means that he rejects everything in a protest against a situation he considers as hopeless, a protest against life and fate.

Landscape in black and white
Landscape in black and white.

Black represents emptiness and annihilation, it represents denial, absolute giving up or abandonment.

The person, who chooses black in the first position, wants to deny everything. He is stubbornly protesting against status quo which in his opinion is not, as it should be. He protests against fate, certainly against his own, and behaves probably prematurely and unwise in this protest.

If black is chosen in the second position, it indicates, that the person is willing to give up everything, provided he gets, what is represented by the color of the first position.

- If orange is chosen before black, it suggests that if the person will have fulfilled his exaggerated wishes, then he will renounce everything else.
- If, for example, blue is in the first position before black, it indicates that only if the person gets peace and harmony, he will renounce everything else.
- If yellow appears in the first position with black in the second, it will suggest that the person expects that a dramatic and disaster-like action will put an end to his problems.
- With grey in the first position before black, it indicates that the person expects to find protection against the intolerable situation through total non-commitment.

With black in the third position is indicated that the person will refrain from everything else, if only he gets, what is represented by the two colors in the first and second position.

Black in the eighth position is the psychologically most normal and represents a desire not to reject anything and keep control of own actions.

Lüschers Color Pair

Lüscher color theory operates with something called "pair". That means two colors chosen after each other in both first and second round.

Just to take a few examples:

The pair "Green - Orange" represents meaningful activity and controlled initiative. With green as the first selected color, actions will lead to greater authority and prestige for the self, leadership, management and exercise of control.

The pair "Blue - Orange" represents cooperative enterprise and emotional fullness. It characterizes the ability of a good cooperation with colleagues for the common good in favor of the organization. In the private sphere, the pair is representing a harmonious mixture of sexuality and care. When blue is selected prior to red, it characterizes greater emphasis on harmony and cooperation than on activity.

The second choice would probably mean that some of the colors are swapped around, while others move further forward or backward in the series.
Two consecutive selections
If two or more colors in the second round still lie beside the color that they were adjacent to in the first round, although they may change position and internal order, so there exists a pair, and this or these pairs must be marked with a circle and their relevant function symbol.

Above we showed how a selection (8 cards - once) very simply could be divided into four groups, each with 2 numbers, labeled + x = and -. However, due to the introduction of pairs, we now have to make the allocation of function symbols a little more complicated.
Example of group division with pairs
It can be seen that besides the single color 3(orange) exist here the pairs: (5-1)/(1-5), (4-2), (2-6) and (0-7)/(7-0).

In case of doubt, the result from the second selection may be used, resulting in the row: 3, (5-1), (4-2), (2-6) and (7-0).

In the presence of pairs the allocation of function symbols to be done according to the following algorithm:

1. The first pair (or single number) to be marked: +

2. The second pair (or single number) to be marked: x

3. The last pair (or single number) to be marked: -

4. The rest to be marked: =

Example of function symbol allocation to numbers common to two pairs If it happens that two pairs with different function symbols have a number in common, this number to be labeled with both symbols.

Interpretation of the Lüscher Color Test

The interpretation of the test result goes from left to right.

First, his first choice of the single color, 3(orange), to be interpreted according to the description of each color above. His choice of orange indicates that he wants to be a winner type, who wants to create results. He wants to see his plans become reality. He wants to be energetic and industrious.

Then you can enter the appropriate tables in literature for each pair labeled with each function symbol. This means that for a given pair, say (5-1) will in the literature exist four possible lookups in four different function tables, namely: (+5 +1), (x5 x1), (=5 =1) and (-5 -1), which represents:

+ Strong passion - that is something he strives against.

x Passion - that is his actual state right now.

= Indifference - that is attributes, which he does not care about right now.

- Antipathy - attributes which he actively rejects.

It would be too extensive to reproduce all these tables on this page, and it is also not necessary.

For all practical purposes, it will be enough to enter the first table, namely the + table, which is shown below, and then "transfer" the outcome to the other functions.

The example above gave the pairs (x5 x1), (=4 =2), (=2 =6) and (-7 -0), following the single color.

(+5 +1) in the table below gives: "wants to share an intuitive and understanding intimacy with another (5) in an atmosphere of peace and harmony (1)".

If we transform this to x function that means what he presently does, it makes: "Presently he shares an intuitive and understanding intimacy with another (5) in an atmosphere of peace and harmony (1)". This indicates a possibility of homosexuality. But who knows, maybe retrieves his strength from a close relationship with his wife.

(+4 +2) gives: "wants to show that he is curious and observant and seeks new paths (4) in order to achieve power and prestige (2)".

If we transform this to = function (=4 =2), which means, what he does not care about, it makes: "he does not care to show that he is curious and observant and seeks new paths (4) in order to achieve power and prestige (2)". This suggests that he has his attention directed to the actual problems and does not care so much to demonstrate his ingenuity and creativity towards his superiors.

(+2 +6) gives: "wants stubbornly to attempt to preserve his reputation (2) by meeting expectations despite a feeling of fatigue (6)."

If we transform this to = function (=2 =6), it makes: "he is not very concerned about his reputation, but will try to get the best of the situation (2) even there is not much he can do (6)".

And the last pair in the example:

(+7 +0) in the table below gives: "wants to get away from the disgusting situation (7), he wants to retreat and protect himself (0) against everything."

If we transform this to - function (-7 -0), which means what he actively rejects, it makes: "he does not want to get away from any disgusting situation (7), he does not want to retreat and protect himself (0) against anything." This indicates that he is fully responsible and determined to stay at his post in spite of difficulties, and he is not afraid to face the problems.

Table of + Functions

slash Grey
wishes to remain in the background (0) to achieve peace and harmony (1). wishes to remain in the background (0) in order not to undermine his superior position (2). wants to solve the problems by a discrete (0) action (3). wants discreetly (0) to search for a solution to the problem (4). wants to make a discreet pass (0) to obtain an intuitive identification action with someone (5). wishes to remain in the background (0) to give the body the opportunity to regenerate (6). wants to remain in the background (0) in order to avoid any commitment (7).
yearns for peace, harmony and contentment (1) and needs to relax after stress (0) -
longing for peace, harmony and contentment (1) and would like to proceed systematically and cautious to accomplish this (2) wishes through cooperation and understanding (1) to be able to achieve the desired goals (3). wants through harmony, cooperation and understanding (1) to be able to find the right solutions (4). wants through harmony and cooperation (1) to merge into one perfect, beautiful and aesthetic unity (5). want to be free of any conflict (1) and thus obtain a physical convenient and comfortable place to stay (6). wants rest, relaxation and loving understanding (1), which, however, he believes, he did not get, and therefore he is angry and considers the situation as unbearable (7).
wants to establish himself and gain a position and a reputation (2), to get out of his present anonymity (0). wants to make a good impression and gain recognition (2), being part of a harmonious and well cooperating team (1). -
wants to achieve success despite obstacles and resistance (2) by taking initiative and making his own decisions independently of other (3). wants to impress and be admired (2) by seeking to creative solutions in cooperation with others (4). wants to make a good impression of being regarded as a very special person (2) by seeking original, alternative or aesthetic solutions (5). wants stubbornly to attempt to preserve his reputation (2) by meeting expectations despite a feeling of fatigue (6). wants to profile himself by his strong and independent personality (2), and indirectly demonstrate that even though everything is hopeless and meaningless (7) he will with his strong personality do his duty to the end.
wants to take some decisions and get cleaned up in the problems (3), he does not want to scrutinize more in the problems although something maybe hiding under the surface (0) wants uncompromis-ingly to pursue the goals he has set (3) whereby he wants to come to peace and harmony (1). want to pursue the goals he has set himself without deviations (3), in this way he wants to achieve power and recognition (2). -
wants to shake off the shackles of the feeling of inferiority, to win and live intensely (3) in the same time seeking good relations with others and open up for new impressions and inspire others (4). wishes to pursue his interests (3) in intense and exciting experiences and thus become considered as an interesting and charming personality (5). wishes that he could decide to put his ambitions on hold (3) in favour of taking things leisurely and indulge in his longing for comfort and security (6). wants to live intensely (3), in order to catch up on what he has missed. In that way, he thinks he can break out of everything which oppresses him (7).
wants to search for (4) a discrete solution to the problems (0). by helping others (4), he wants to achieve recognition and understanding (1). wants to show that he is curious and observant and seeks new paths (4) in order to achieve power and prestige (2). wants to experiment in search of new and exciting things and experiences (4) in order to gain more control over his life (3). -
wants excitement and interesting experiences (4) in order to be admired as an interesting personality (5). wishes to be relieved of heavy problems (4) and thereby achieve security and physical comfort and the possibility to recover (6). wants to make a dramatic and perhaps ill-considered reversal or decision in his life (4) for in this way to escape insurmountable problems (7).
wants to find an intuitive and understanding intimacy with another (5) but to proceed carefully (0) in order to avoid getting hurt. wants to share an intuitive and understanding intimacy with another (5) in an atmosphere of peace and harmony (1). wants to make a favorable impression as a special person through his charm (5) and he observers constantly any sign of success in this, which would give him a feeling of having control over the situation (2). wants intense excitements (5), which are erotic or otherwise stimulating (3). yearns for exciting and interesting experiences and wants to be admired for his charm (5), wants to devote himself to his dreams and fantasies (4). -
wants to be stimulated by piquant experiences (5), in an advanced sensual and luxurious atmosphere (6). want intensely, almost obsessive, (7) to achieve a sensual satisfactory binding or merging with another (5).
have a burning desire to get rest and relaxation and the opportunity for regeneration (6) into an atmosphere without problems and interruptions (0) wants caring and considerate treatment for his physical problems (6) in an environment characterized by security and friends without problems (1). wants relief for his physical problems (6), but only after having coped with the immediate situation using his willpower (2). longing for physical and sensual pleasures (6) at the table and in the bed (3) wants to indulge in a comfortable living here and now (6) and to abandon his ambitions and aspirations for the future (4). wants to enjoy life in a sensual and luxurious atmosphere (6) and there to find stimulating and piquant adventures (5). -
wants to forget his dis-appointment and recover in a comfortable environment (6) and turn his back to life in tired self-contempt (8) as he feels that he can not achieve his lofty goals.
wants to get away from the disgusting situation (7), he wants to retreat and protect himself (0) against everything. wants to protest against the situation in general (7), and to be left alone without interruptions (1). wants certain demands satisfied, which he regards as absolutely minimal and necessary (7), demands, which he stubbornly and uncompromis-ingly sticks to (2). wishes to have fulfilled his exaggerated demands in the situation (7) if not he will react with violent and extreme behaviour (3). by un-premeditated actions, he wants to escape from a situation he finds deemed intolerable (7), with the risk of reckless conduct he searches desperately a way out (4). he considers the whole situation unacceptable (7), he demands that ideas and emotions must fit perfectly together (5) and refuses to compromise. wants to turn his back to life in bitter dis-appointment and tired self-contempt (7), he wants to forget it all and recover in comfortable problem-free surroundings (5). -
Above I have as loyally as possible reproduced the + table from the book "Lüschers Farve Test" (Danish). However, it has been necessary to shorten and simplify the statements, to fit them into the more brief tabulated form above. I have also sought to clarify a logical connection with the rest of the theory, as good as possible.

The +/- Funktionen

Lüscher color test has another function that shortly should be mentioned. It is called the plus-minus function, (+ / -). The psychologists behind the test believe that the first and last color give much information about the person; this means the color that the person likes most put together with the color that the person can not stand.

In the literature is available tables of the + / - function, but again, it will be too extensive to display them on this page. It is also completely possible to draw our conclusions in light of the descriptions of every single color above.

In the example above is + / - function (+3 -7) in the first selection and (+3 -0) in the second choice. As the second choice is considered the most impulsive and thus the most true, we choose to interpret (+3 / -0).

(+3 -0) (+ orange / grey) suggests, according to the table in "Lüscher Color Test" that the person is nervous about not achieving his goals, causing him to take action with eager and hectic intensity. It is not entirely obvious from the description of each color, but it seems to be the author's meaning.

How to pass a Lüscher Color Test

We assume that the test is used in connection with job applications and not for example in relation to dating.

As a fundamental rule, no basic colors must occur farther back than a fifth place.

Since job search has something to do with work, it will be appropriate to keep the work group together. We can choose the work group first, followed by blue, or blue first, followed by the work group.

It's probably a good idea to start with blue to signal that we give reasonable high importance to peace and harmony.

Then one must decide the internal sequence within the work group. Orange must not be the last one. With orange first in the work group signals a leader in his infancy, green first will signal a dutiful workhorse and yellow first a creative type engaged in the basic matter. What is best, must depend on the individual applicant and the situation. It is not certain that the company is interested in future managers, maybe they only want to find somebody, who can solve their problems and do the job.

Black must unconditionally be held in the last place, everything else will signal a BZ type or suicide candidate.

That leaves grey, violet and brown in the fifth, sixth and seventh places. Grey and brown must absolutely be restricted to these places, otherwise, it will be psychological significant. If grey is brought forward, it will give psychological indications of anxiety and compensation. If brown is brought forward, it will indicate a preference for expensive restaurants, cigarettes, whiskey and naked girls (from trad. danish song), and who knows a high absence percent from work.

Violet has more degrees of freedom, but it's not a good color. If there is no pregnancy or problems with the thyroid gland, the color suggests an aesthetic personality with fear of contact with the cruel and unpredictable reality; and who knows, maybe homosexuality.

So summa sumarum, the sequence must be:

- Blue in the first place.
- Work group (orange must not be the last one).
- Violet, brown and grey should be restricted to the 5., 6. and 7. places.
- Black as the last one.

If you want to vary the sequence between first and second selection, you must make sure that the sequence, you really want to be assessed, is the second selection.

A little variation could be a good idea, as you otherwise may be labeled with "emotional inflexibility and rigid attitude to life".

Color Test disguised as Abstract Paintings

This abstract painting represents the pair red-green Note the pair red-blue in the center of the picture and green a little in the background - a good choice Violet represents deep introvert religiosity Left: This abstract painting represents the pair red-green.
Mid: Note the pair red-blue in the center of the picture and green a little in the background - a good choice.
Right: Violet represents deep introvert religiosity - it is not a good choice.

A cunning way to make a color test is to ask the test person choose between some abstract paintings, which are dominated by individual colors or color pairs.

The color pair red-green in Carl Henning Pedersen's painting is a good choice. The color pair red-blue with green a little in the background in the other abstract painting is also a good choice. The violet color in the third painting is not a good choice.

Illusion Pictures

There are some types of images with built-in optical illusions. Although the details of the images do not move at all, our eyes or rather our brain will see that they move.

In general, we will see that they might move a bit.

But it said that for rapists, bank robbers and the like, a certain type of images will move lively. So whatever you see, it's probably best to say that it moves perhaps a little bit.

Now imagine that sly consultants have got produced some programmed images that really moves in order to detect cheaters. To counter this, one can focus on a single small detail in the image and thereby obtain an unambiguous decision, whether it moves or not.
Literature: "Lüschers Farvetest" by dr. Max Lüscher og Ian Scott. Publisher SphinX Publishers Copenhagen - 1991.

Try a Lüscher color test on Color Quiz Com
See some illusion pictures on: Personality Test Center

This article is a contribution to the debate on personality tests and Dalum Hjallese Debate Club assumes no liability for a use of the article in real life.
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